Choosing between Azure Stack & Windows Azure Pack (WAP)

In my previous post we compared Azure & Azure Stack. Today we will compare Windows Azure Pack & Azure Stack.

Windows Azure Pack is another product offered by Microsoft, to provide cloud services for data center that delivers cloud services for end users and customers but its limited to private cloud only.  Both Azure Stack & Windows Azure Pack (WAP) have some similarities however they also have significant differences that we will discuss in this blog post.

What is WAP ?  It was first introduced in 2012 with the launch of Windows Server 2012 at no extra cost. It is based on SQL Server, Windows Server & Microsoft System Center suite, offering customers Self Services, multi tenant Cloud services  (SaaS & PaaS) such as Virtual Machines, Websites & Databases.  Some of the key features of WAP is listed below.

WAP Features Description
Tenant Portal To provision and manage services such as Virtual machines & Websites by Tenants.
Admin Portal  For services administrators to manage resources that they made available for tenants. They can configure quotas or User accounts.
Service Management API  REST API provides the ability to extend functions to tenants and admins such as creating users , managing subscriptions etc..
Virtual Machine Cloud Services  IaaS services of WAP provides the ability to provision Windows and Linux machines. Dependent on Ms System Center components (Service Provider Foundation & Virtual Machine Manager VMM).
WAP Web Sites  Provide the ability to provision scalable web applications based on ASP.NET, PHP & Node.js.
Service Bus  Distributed applications can communicate reliably using messaging services.
SQL and MySQL Services Ms SQL & MySQL services provides database provisioning to be used with other services such as WAP Websites
Automation  Automate tasks in WAP using System Center Services Management Automation.
International Language Support WAP Supports following languages: English, German, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Chinese, Brazilian, Portuguese, Korean & Russian.

Complete features of WAP can be found here.

WAP utilizes Windows Server & System Center for its infrastructure to deliver the services. WAP now supports Windows Server 2016 & System Center 2016.

POC of WAP can be done by installing Express Edition of WAP on single VM or Physical Machine however for production minimum of 8 machines are needed (VM or Physical).

Feature comparison between two products:

Azure Stack features which may (not) available in WAP

Azure Stack Features Available in WAP
Provisioning Virtual Machines Yes
Creating Storage Accounts No
Azure Resource Manager Templates No
Managing Networking Yes
Azure Stack Marketplace Yes (Gallery Items)
Custom Virtual Machine Images Yes (although not tenant defined images)
Billing & Chargeback Yes
Azure Stack Resource Providers No
App Service Yes
Microsoft Azure Consistency No

WAP features which may (not) available in Azure Stack

WAP Features Available in Azure Stack
Tenant Portal Yes
Admin Portal Yes
Service Management API No
Virtual Machine Clouds Service Yes
Windows Azure Pack Web Sites Yes (through App Services)
Service Bus Clouds service No
SQL and MySQL Services Yes(Using Resource Providers)
Automation No

Some possible challenges with WAP:
You may face some challenges while deploying WAP to your datacenter such as (but not limited to):

Challenge WAP Azure Stack
Infrastructure  POC with Express Edition Single VM/Physical

Production minimum 8 VMs/Physical

High availability needs more infrastructure and manual configuration

 High availability is configured automatically
in Azure Stack. For example, when you deploy a 4-node Azure Stack installation, then the Active Directory domain controllers, network controllers, and so on, are automatically deployed and configured for high availability. This dramatically reduces the overhead when you deploy a highly available Azure Stack
System Center Dependency Highly dependent on System center components to provide features such as VM Automation, and usage data. Virtual Machine Manager, Operations manager, Service Provider Foundation & Service Management Automation are Specifically needed. No dependency on System Center for mentioned features however some of them are not available to date.
Hybrid Cloud with Azure WAP is based on completely different API set which cannot be used with Azure. Azure Stack & Azure uses same API sets therefore applications and services can be moved back & forth using same templates.
Azure Resource Manager Not available in WAP, therefore if you already knows Azure templates, you still need to learn how to work with WAP. Azure Stack uses ARM templates, therefore same deployment templates can be used in interchangeably in both Azure & Azure Stack.


Deciding whether Azure Stack or Windows Azure Pack is the most suitable cloud service product for your organization depends on several different factors (but not limited to below):

Factor  WAP Azure Stack
Cost  No cost solution but requires substantial amount of infrastructure especially when high availability is needed. You can add additional cost of System center if you don’t have already. You must purchase Integrated system (hardware) from Dell EMC, Lenovo, HPE etc…
Flexibility Primarily a private cloud solution.

WAP offers features such as Shielded VMs and third party management tools for partner products which are currently not available in Azure Stack.

Azure Stack is true hybrid cloud solution providing flexibility of hosting & moving apps / services between on-prem to the public cloud (Azure).
Automation WAP includes an Automation feature that you can use to automate tasks such as applying
a policy to a newly created virtual machine by a tenant.
Not available at this moment.
Multi-tier app support You would need to
deploy each tier separately, and then configure integration between them as a separate task.
Using ARM & ARM Templates, it is possible to define sequence & deployment of different roles like Back end SQL , Middle Tier Application Server & Front end web servers making deployments faster and less error prone.
System center integration WAP uses System center components like SCVMM, SCOM etc.. When VM is provisioned through WAP, it is actually handed over to SCVMM. This simplifies the rest of VM management tasks. Azure Stack does not integrate with System center.

WAP offers cloud services your end users and customers in a private cloud environment whereas Azure Stack does same but additionally provides integration with Azure thus creating a true Hybrid cloud environment. Since Azure Stack is a new product comparing to WAP, but Microsoft is working to expand its features over time including the features which currently available in Azure only. Windows Azure Pack running on Windows Server 2012 R2 will be moving into extended support on July 11th 2017, and Windows Azure Pack running on Windows Server 2016 will moving into extended support on January 11th 2022.


Choosing between Azure & AzureStack

As you know Azure is there in the market since long time, once it was known as Windows Azure. Being a public cloud platform, Azure spans over several data centers across the globe. Microsoft has invested several billion dollars while building Azure. You can write a application in any programming language for almost any platform including Unix and can host it in Azure, integrate it with your on-prem Organization data centers. You can scale these applications as needed  and will be charged for your usage only. Azure is Self Service platform and Microsoft is continuously updating the back-end infrastructure with zero or minimum impact on your services or applications. It is NOT possible to list all offerings of Azure however we can try to cover some common offerings by type:

Type Common Offerings
Compute  Windows & Linux Virtual Machines, Scale Sets, Web Apps, Container Services & Container Registry
Networking  Virtual Network, Traffic Manager, Azure DNS, Content Delivery Network (CDN), Load Balancer, Application Gateway & Network Gateway
Storage  Storage, StorSimple, Backup Site Recovery & Data Lake Store
Databases SQL Database, Cosmos DB, SQL Data warehouse & SQL Server stretch database
Security & Identity  Azure Active Directory, Active Directory Domain Services, Key Vault & Secure Center
Monitoring & Management  Automation, Application Insights, Operational Insights (OMS), Log analytics & Azure Resource Manager

For a complete list of currently available services, software development kits (SDKs)/tools, and architecture in Microsoft Azure visit the following website.

Azure Stack Features

AzureStack can be thought of as Azure for the data center. Just like Azure, AzureStack features are also evolving day by day.  Most key features of AzureStack are same as of Azure and some are additional to AzureStack.

Type Common Offerings
Compute AzureStack allows to provision VMs of different types & sizes using AzureStack Portal and ability to connect them to a Virtual Network.
Networking VPN Gateways, iDNS (ability to resolve external
addresses without requiring to know the IP address of the resource)
Storage Storage Account includes Table, Blobs, Ques & Files.
Azure Resource Manager Templates
JSON based ARM templates are one of the key features in AzureStack. They provide you the ability to
deploy an application including all its dependencies (like Compute, Network, Storage, Active Directory, SQL, SharePoint etc…) in a single operation. You also can redeploy templates to update an application or service when required.To view and download the Azure Stack Resource Manager templates from GitHub, go to the following website.You can deploy templates by using the Azure Stack Portals, Windows PowerShell, Microsoft Visual Studio, or the Azure Command Line Interface (CLI).
AzureStack Market Place
This is a repository where tenants (DevOps) can obtain preconfigured resources (based on ARM Templates) to consume (like Services & Applications) made available by Cloud Operator.
Custom VM Images
Custom VHD based VM Images could be provided through AzureStack Market place by cloud operator for DevOps,  to ensure that virtual machines provisioned with Azure
Stack have the relevant software installed for an organizations compliance rules.
Resource Providers
In addition to Compute, Network, Storage Resource Providers, AzureStack also offers other providers like SQL Database & MySQL and many others to provide these databases as services.
Billing & Chargeback
There is no billing system included in AzureStack however usage data (which is recorded and aggregated) can be exported to BI tools such as Microsoft Power BI for creating charge back reports.
App Services
This is Azure App Service (Azure Websites and Azure Mobile Services) which is ported on AzureStack. You can use this service to create cloud applications for both web and mobile clients.

For further information about the key features and capabilities of Azure Stack, visit the following website.

So Azure or AzureStack or Both (Hybrid) 


This could be tricky however knowing the key features of both Azure & AzureStack would help you in deciding (along with other factors) where to port your application. Azure is hosted in Microsoft data centers thus all the head-ache of managing underlying is shifted to Microsoft whereas AzureStack is hosted in your data center so it becomes your responsibility to keep it updated by all aspects. Azure has lot more features that are currently not available in newly launched AzureStack but this will be changed with the passage of time. Moreover, the update cycle for both Azure and Azure Stack is much more frequent compared to other Microsoft applications. Therefore, new features and capabilities will be included on a more regular basis.
To determine which product you should adopt, you should consider your requirements as a business and the types of services you need to provide to your end users or customers. Other factors affecting this decision could include:
• Cost: The cost of hosting Azure Stack in your datacenter as opposed to subscribing to the services offered in Azure.
• Time: The administrative overhead of managing and updating the Azure Stack infrastructure.
• Other factors: There may be any number of other factors that will affect your decision that relate specifically to your organization such as security, compliance, or latency.
In many cases, you might need to utilize both products to provide a true hybrid cloud platform as described earlier in this module. This model provides you the capability to offer specialized solutions hosted in your datacenter and the ability to utilize the Microsoft public cloud including all its benefits as discussed. So choose wisely but this is guaranteed that a true Hybrid Cloud environment can be achieved together with Azure & AzureStack if architected in a right way.

Next Read: Choosing between AzureStack & Windows Azure Pack (WAP).

How AzureStack enables DevOps


Until recently the organizations are suffering from lack of coordination between Development teams & IT Operations specially at the time of deployments. I witness this since my career started back in 2000. The term DevOps means for most organizations improving communications between development and deployment & maintenance teams thus increasing overall productivity, sustainability & availability.

Consider you developed a business critical application and after several tests on pre-production you handed over this to deployment team but it fails at first attempt. Later deployment team adjusted the configuration based on Production environment without informing you and deployed the application successfully. After 3 months when you release a update, once again it fails to install and break the application in production environment. This is/was the story of almost all organizations but thanks to Cloud technology and Azure Stack that can help you to adopt practices that enable DevOps.

Infrastructure as a Code (IaC) is utilized when deploying software in a Cloud using Self Services. By using Azure Resource Manager (ARM) templates in Azure Stack, you define reusable deployment configurations that you can use to quickly deploy application infrastructure with a predictable method that works every time. This is known as idempotent. The integration between ARM Templates and Desired State Configuration (DSC) enables you to also ensure the application is configured correctly when it is being deployed.

Developing applications for Azure or AzureStack allow developers to write application & infrastructure code at the same time & stored in same repository. With this approach application can run on any environment (Azure or AzureStack). Some benefits can be realized immediately but not limited to:
1. Infrastructure required for the application is defined as code (IaC), which implies fewer errors.
2. Deployment times are faster providing end users with more value from their applications.
3. Requirements can be defined for on-premises, off-premises, or both.

Some useful links are available here to study further on this topic.
You can watch a Video as well.

See how @AteaNorge is helping @Komplettno with consistent hybrid cloud: @Azure and #AzureStack :

Azure Stack Personas & Deployment Tools

If you are already using Microsoft Azure in any way, you may be aware of two roles (personas) which exist and two more introduced in Azure Stack which also exist “behind the scenes” in Microsoft Azure.

Azure Stack is offering four personas, each persona has a defined set of responsibilities. One of more persons could be assigned to each persona and similarly one person may be assigned to more than one persona as per Organization needs.


Cloud Architect is responsible for carefully planning & architecture how the leverage Azure Stack in the organization. He may also responsible for creating different offerings as per Organization needs. This role requires to be an authoritative in order to drive cloud adoption in the organization. Cloud architects are heavily involved in the planning and deployment stages of Azure Stack through communication with OEM vendors and technical delivery partners. Cloud Architect is also responsible for creating (Hybrid) Cloud Strategy in his/her organization. Comparing to Current Azure Portal, this role is currently behind the scenes, may be fulfilled by Microsoft Guru’s like Mark Russonovich , Scott Gurthie , Corey Senders and may be more.

Cloud Operator is responsible for day to day operations of Azure Stack Deployment. Cloud operators manage the underlying infrastructure in terms of capacity planning, patch management, responding to different alerts and closely working with support teams to answer the concerns raised by tenants. They also should be aware of any changes or upgrades announced by Microsoft or any OEM Vendor with respect to firmware or underlying infrastructure.  Comparing to Azure Portal, this role is also behind the scene, consider it people managing Microsoft data centers across regions with all aspects of compute, storage & network etc…

Cloud Administrator is same like Azure Subscription Owner, therefore this persona is also called Azure Stack Subscription owner. It is the responsibility of the cloud administrators to manage their Azure Stack subscription(s), determine who has access to a subscription(s), and the actions that each user could undertake in any of their subscription(s).

DevOps would be the consumer of Azure Stack resources within the context of tenant. They are responsible for deployment and configuration of Azure Stack resources within assigned subscription with their functions limited by Azure Stack Cloud Administrators.

Deployments through Azure Stack

Azure Stack enables you to deploy and manage Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) applications from a provider’s datacenter in a hybrid cloud environment, or in a private cloud scenario. Azure Stack services are multi-tenant. This means that as the hosts (or provider) of Azure Stack, you can offer the same service to
multiple tenants, while isolating the resources that the tenants consume from other tenant resources.

Azure Stack also provides automated deployment of applications and services with reusable templates through Azure Resource Manager. You can use one of the following tools to deploy resources in Azure Stack:
• Azure Stack Administrator Portal
• Azure Resource Manager
• Visual Studio
• Azure PowerShell
• Azure Command Line Interface (CLI)
• Direct REST API interaction
You can use the CLI to manage Azure Stack on Windows, Linux, and Mac operating systems. Azure Stack is currently available through Enterprise Agreement only, however You may also try Azure Stack for free by downloading the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK).

Since Azure & Azure Stack is using same Interface & underlying APIs therefore its easy for everyone to keep the consistency while they are working with Private Cloud (Azure Stack) or Public Cloud (Azure) or Hybrid.  In the following list, some of the key benefits of utilizing Azure Stack are described:
• Provides application developers the ability to be more productive. Using Azure Resource Manager and templates, you can quickly deploy applications in a consistent manner.
• You can use the knowledge and experience you gained with using Azure when managing and consuming Azure Stack.
• Service Providers adopting Azure Stack can provide cloud services across the globe.
• IT organizations can provide cloud services on demand.


Review Introduction to AzureStack here.

Introduction to Azure Stack

Image result for Azure stack picture

There are four cloud models in general, but not limited to:

  1. Public Cloud
  2. Private Cloud
  3. Community Cloud
  4. Hybrid Cloud

Microsoft Azure Stack is a hybrid cloud platform that lets you provide Azure services from your data-center. Microsoft is describing Azure Stack as “an extension of Azure.” After the initial purchase of Azure Stack, customers will only pay for Azure services that they use from general availability, forward (“pay-as-you-use” pricing). The current one-node offering meant for dev/test will continue to be free after general availability. Azure Stack comes in the form an appliance built to run on specific server hardware like HPE, Dell EMC, Lenovo, Cisco & recently Avanade and Huawei. It provides customers with many of the pieces of Microsoft’s Azure public-cloud platform in a form they can run inside their own or partners’ on-premises datacenters.

  • It can be thought of Azure in your data center.
  • It provides same look & feel as Azure Portal.
  • Scale-able to fulfil the needs of any sized organization.
  • Shipped with ARM (Azure Resource Manager) to quickly deploy & configure Virtual Machines or Applications.
  • Offers PaaS & IaaS to build SaaS applications.

Azure Stacks features set includes:

  • Provisioning virtual machines
  • Creating storage accounts
  • Azure Resource Manager templates
  • Azure Stack marketplace
  • Custom virtual machine Images
  • Azure Stack resource providers
  • App Service

Before you plan to use Azure Stack, let’s discuss some key concepts of Azure Stack. If you are already using Azure then below concepts are not new to you except Personas. Additionally you will be allowed to prepare your own plans & offers according to available resources in our data center and type of technology stacks your organization is operating.

Azure Stack Concept Description
Personas You use personas to describe the four types of role within Azure Stack. The roles related to Azure Stack are:
• Cloud Architect: Responsible for the design of the cloud from a strategical perspective to ensure it meets the needs of the business.
• Cloud Operator: Responsible for managing the day-to-day operations of Azure Stack such as responding to alerts and managing the underlying infrastructure.
• Cloud Administrator: Responsible for the tenant subscriptions in the cloud including who can access them and the actions that can be performed on the subscriptions.
• DevOps: Responsible for managing the deployment and configuration of resources consumed in Azure Stack from a tenant perspective.
Portals Azure Stack includes two portals: one for cloud operators to manage and  maintain the Azure Stack environment and another for cloud administrators and DevOps to manage and maintain the Azure Stack resources that they have consumed through subscriptions.
Regions Regions provide Azure Stack the ability to scale beyond a single location. You can create multiple regions and offer different services in each region. In other words, these could be your data center locations.
Services Services are Azure Stack’s key features. Services such as web services, virtual machines, and Microsoft SQL Server databases are provided to tenants in the form of plans.
Plans You use plans to group one or more services. Tenants subscribe to Offers made from one or more plans, which then allow tenants to use the services provided each plan.
Offers You use offers to group one or more plans. cloud operators present plans to tenants who can then subscribe to them. Cloud operators can create add-on plans to increase a tenant’s quota of resources.
Subscriptions Subscriptions contain the offers that tenants subscribe to or purchase.
Azure Resource Manager Azure Resource Manager is the interface that you use to deploy, monitor, and manage solutions created in Azure Stack.
Resource Group A resource group is a logical collection of resources such as virtual machines, IP addresses, storage virtual networks, or websites.
Templates You use Azure Resource Manager templates to define the deployment and configuration of an application offered to tenants in Azure Stack.
Resource Providers Azure Resource Manager uses resource providers to surface Azure Stack services to Azure Stack consumers. There are several resource providers
available in Azure Stack including Compute, Network, and Storage.
Blob Storage Blob storage provides the ability to access and retrieve large amounts of data such as documents, media files, or virtual hard disk (VHD) files for virtual machines.
Table Storage You use table storage to store data that you need to filter or select based on criteria such as user data or address book information.
Queue Storage You use queue storage to provide cloud-based messaging between
application components. This provides applications the ability to decouple,
which allows them to scale independently when running in different
environments (or devices).
Role Based Access Control (RBAC) You use RBAC to control access to Azure Stack resources and services. RBAC controls access by using role definitions associated with the users who log in to Azure Stack.
Usage Data Azure Stack collects usage data to provide charge back and billing reports or to help integrate Azure Stack with external tools.

For more information about the key concepts and features in Azure Stack, visit the following website:

If you want to learn more about Azure Stack, here is a presentation that Microsoft CTO Mark Russinovich and Jeffery Snover (#AzureStack Architect) gave at Ignite 2017:


Azure Stack Packaging and Pricing Datasheet can be downloaded from here.

Next Read, AzureStack Personas & Deployment Tools